Vol: 4 Issue: 2 (Mar - Apr 2014)

Editorial: Orthodontics in the “Conceptual Age” from left to the right: A future that promises to be bright!
Nikhilesh R. Vaid
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 28-29

Original Article: Evaluation of skeletal and dentoalveolar components in Syrian females with a gummy smile
Amr Hayani, Jamal Dabbas and Mayada Zeitoun
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 30-35

Original Article: Effect of intrusive and retraction forces in labial and lingual orthodontics: A fi nite element study
Rohan Mascarenhas, Ameet V Revankar, Jenny Mary Mathew, Laxmikanth Chatra and Akhter Husain, Satish Shenoy
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 36-39

Case Report: Skeletal class III camoufl age by mandibular incisor extraction: A case report
Janardhanan Kumaresan, Tamizharasi Senthil Kumar and Senthil Kumar
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 40-44

Clinical Pearl: Multipurpose hooks for elastic attachment
Siddharth Shashidhar Revankar, Ameet V Revankar, Vikram Pai, Sangamesh Fulari and Neeraj Gupta
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 45-47

Clinical Pearl: Essix retainer as a modifi ed esthetic anchorage device
Kamlesh Kumar Garg, Ashish Mahendra and Sonahita Agarwal
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 48-49

Book Review: Evidence-based clinical orthodontics
APOS-Trends Orthod; 4(2) 50-50