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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 124-130

Cortical piezo-puncture as a minimally invasive method for reducing miniscrew implant insertion torque: A preliminary in vitro Study

1 Department of Orthodontics, UAM Manizales, Colombia
2 Resident Orthodontic Program, UAM Manizales, Colombia
3 Private Practice, Implantology Pereira, Colombia

Correspondence Address:
Juan Pablo Gomez
Calle 14 #23-26 of. 104 Pereira
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apos.apos_53_18

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Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of cortical piezo-puncture (CPP) on maximum insertion torque (MIT), maximum removal torque (MRT), and maximum axial load (MAL) during the insertion of self-drilling miniscrew implants (MSI), in an experimental model with proximal epiphysis of bovine tibia. Materials and Methods: A comparative study was conducted using two groups of 20 self-drilling MSI inserted in intact bone (control group) and in bone with previous CPP (experimental group). MIT, MRT, and MAL of the 20 mini implants of each group were measured. Using SPSS software, Student's t-test was applied to compare MIT and MRT and the U-test Mann–Whitney test was applied to compare MAL in both groups as well as Pearson and Spearman correlation. Results: In the experimental group, average values of 12.85 (±4,32) Newton x centimeters (Ncm), 13.7 (±4,54) Ncm, and 22,474 (±895,95) gF for MIT, MRT, and MAL were found, respectively. In the control group, average values found for MIT, MRT, and MAL were 20.2 (±4,7) Ncm, 22.3 (±5,17) Ncm, and 4688,7 (±320,18) gF, respectively. Statistically significant differences were observed in MIT, MRT, and MAL between control and experimental groups (P < 0,001). Conclusions: CPP before insertion of orthodontic MSI in bovine tibia significantly reduces MIT, MRT, and MAL.

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